Butrint, Albania

Butrint stands as a living testament to the history of Albania. Located in the south of Albania, it is a unique UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the country’s most important cultural attractions. The site boasts a remarkable array of archaeological remains ranging from the prehistoric period to the Middle Ages, reflecting the diversity of the cultures which have inhabited the region over the centuries.


Butrint’s history dates back to the Bronze Age and it was later inhabited by the Greeks in the 7th century BC. During the Hellenistic period, it became a prosperous trading port and by the time of the Romans, it was an important centre for trade and industry. In the 5th century AD, Butrint was part of the Byzantine Empire and it flourished again under Venetian rule in the early 15th century. By the 18th century, it was largely abandoned and taken by the Ottoman Empire.

Butrint’s rich cultural and historical heritage has been preserved to this day. Visitors to the site are able to explore the plethora of remains, including the ancient Greek theatre, the Roman baths, the Venetian castle and the Byzantine basilica. There are also remains of the old city walls, which were used to protect the settlement during the period of Venetian rule.

At the heart of Butrint is the sacred lake and its associated archaeological remains, which were discovered in the late 19th century. Reports of the wealth of artefacts uncovered here led to Butrint being declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. This status has since been extended to cover the entire archaeological site, as well as its associated wetlands.

Butrint is one of Albania’s most important cultural sites and an important reflection of the long and varied history of the country. In recent years, it has become increasingly popular as a tourist destination and it is a great place to explore the fascinating heritage of Albania. From the ancient Greek theatre to the remains of the Venetian castle, Butrint is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in the history and culture of Albania.